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How To Breed Ti Plants(Miracle Plant)

March 27, 2011 2 comments

Hailed s the KING of Tropical foliage plants. Ti Plants of the genus Cordyline(read as kor-di-LY-nee) are noted for their hardiness as ornamentals. In addition, the leaves of recent varieties( hybrid of cloned cultivars) have more striking variegation and vibrant   colors. Would you believe that a single leaf could display up to seven hues at one time or another in the plant’s life?

To Cross-pollinate Ti-Plants:

  1. Emasculate the flowers before they open; this may be done in the afternoon or very early the next morning on flower buds with loose tepals or those that will surely open. Using a clean pair of forceps, remove all anthers( there are 6 of them in every flower) by clipping them from the filament. The younger flower buds may be removed or some branches  on the panicle may be served to facilitate bagging.
  2. Cover each emasculated flower or the whole inflorescence with an appropriate bag made of paper or plastic. Remove the cover just before pollination.
  3. Harvest anthers before it shed pollen grains by picking with a pair of forceps and placing in a suitable container near an electric bulb or tube. Pollen grains can be collected from the container of several anthers or from intact anthers with available pollen. Carefully pick each anther with pollen grains using a clean forceps. Surface sterilize the same forceps. Surface sterilize the same forceps in 85% ethyl alcohol before using on another source of pollen grains( a different plant or cultivar).
  4. gently rub or sprinkle the pollen grains on the sticky stigmas of the flower that have been emasculated previously. replace the protective covering o prevent contamination with unwanted pollen.
  5. put individual tags on pollinated  flowers if pollen grains were obtained from different sources or just tag the entire inflorescence if the same cross pollination is done on all flowers.
  6. Record the crosses made and date of pollination on a notebook. It may become a valuable source of information for future breeding works.Ti plant